Mark Leonard's World In 30 Minutes

Sinopse

Foreign policy podcasts hosted by Mark Leonard, Director of the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), the first pan-European think-tank.

Episódios

  • Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenia and Azerbaijans thawing of the ‘frozen conflict

    Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenia and Azerbaijan's thawing of the ‘frozen conflict'

    02/10/2020 Duração: 31min

    The contested Nagorno-Karabakh region is at the heart of a decades-long armed standoff between neighbours Armenia and Azerbaijan. The heavy clashes seen last week prompted fears that the dispute could spark yet again another war in the region. Host Mark Leonard is joined by Nicu Popescu, head of ECFR’s Wider Europe programme, ECFR’s Turkey expert Asli Aydıntaşbaş and Sophia Pugsley, Caucasus Regional Manager at International Alert. They explain the background to this conflict, why it flared up again and talk about the situation on the ground. What kind of roles do Turkey and Russia play in the recent fights? Should the EU interfere, and if yes, how? Further reading: "A hill here, a village there: Nagorno-Karabakh and the salami-slicing wars", by Nicu Popescu: https://buff.ly/3joH77w This podcast was recorded on 30 September 2020. Bookshelf: “The story of a new name” by Elena Ferrante - “Envisioning peace: An analysis of grassroots views on the Nagorny Karabakh conflict” by Larisa Sotieva et al. - “Part

  • Rifts under sea and on land: The multiple crises in the Eastern Mediterranean

    Rifts under sea and on land: The multiple crises in the Eastern Mediterranean

    25/09/2020 Duração: 32min

    In the eastern Mediterranean, a scramble is under way between countries in the region for access to recently discovered gas fields, often overlapping with wider battle lines across the Middle East, historical tensions and far-back-reaching sentiments. Following up on last week’s conversation with spokesperson and close senior advisor to President Erdogan Ibrahim Kalin, this week’s episode analyses the crisis from a Greek, French, and Turkish perspective. Host Mark Leonard is joined by ECFR´s Turkey expert Asli Aydıntaşbaş, the head of ECFR’s Paris Office Tara Varma and ECFR Council Member, professor at the University of Athens and President of the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) Loukas Tsoukalis. Together, they discuss what led to the escalation and which different aspects are important to understand the crisis. Is Ankara adopting an assertive approach or is it playing a “stabilising role”? And what are the intentions behind President Macron´s call for a Pax Mediterranea? Can Eu

  • From fragility to vitality – Analysing von der Leyen’s #SOTEU

    From fragility to vitality – Analysing von der Leyen’s #SOTEU

    17/09/2020 Duração: 33min

    Ursula von der Leyen’s first State of the European Union speech was as long as it was broad in topics and calls for action. Host Mark Leonard is joined by Alexander Stubb, ECFR Board Member, Director of the European University Institute’s School of Transnational Governance and Former Prime Minister of Finland and Carlos Moedas Trustee at the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation and former European Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation. Together they break down the speech and analyse its various parts, from climate to health policy, from digital sovereignty to Europe’s place in the world. What did the Commission President promise and envision? And did she point out some black sheep? This podcast was recorded on 16 September 2020. Bookshelf: • “Governance in the new global disorder: Politics for a post-sovereign society” by Daniel Innerarity • “The virus in the age of madness" by Bernard-Henri Lévy • “Has China won? The Chinese challenge to American primacy” by Kishore Mahbubani • "Negotiating flex

  • Trump’s dirty tricks

    Trump’s dirty tricks

    11/09/2020 Duração: 32min

    Although US President Donald Trump’s efforts to undermine the election are shameless, they are still more subtle than the outright election rigging that one finds in places like Belarus. Like other authoritarian leaders, Trump is deploying a new anti-democratic politics that has yet to be fully comprehended. Together with Asli Aydintasbas, Jeremy Shapiro and Andrew Wilson, Mark Leonard depicts seven dirty tricks that Trump seems to be borrowing from e.g. Russian President Vladimir Putin or Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Further reading: "Trump's dirty trick" by Mark Leonard: https://buff.ly/2EYW4xG This podcast was recorded on 9 September 2020. Bookshelf: - “Circe” and “The song of Achilles” by Madeline Miller - “The eternal city: A history of Rome” by Ferdinand Addis - “Democracy for sale” by Peter Geoghegan Picture (c) Gage Skidmore

  • Surveillance and the inevitable AI future

    Surveillance and the inevitable AI future

    04/09/2020 Duração: 37min

    In this week’s episode, we feature one of the focus sessions from our Annual Council Meeting this June. Policy Fellow Ulrike Franke moderated this online panel discussion featuring Marietje Schaake, International Director of Policy at Stanford University's Cyber Policy Centre and former Member of the European Parliament, and Carlos Moedas Trustee at the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation and former European Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation, European Commission. Is the European Union indeed a “regulatory superpower” for digitalisation and the tech market? Does the EU draw on its AI potential to the fullest? Where should Europe position itself in the US-China rivalry? The session was recorded on 29 June 2020. Further reading: -Europe’s digital sovereignty: From rulemaker to superpower in the age of US-China rivalry by Carla Hobbs (ed.): https://buff.ly/30eSI1P -Not smart enough: The poverty of European military thinking on artificial intelligence by Ulrike Franke: https://buff.ly/2Es0QAp Books

  • Protest movement in Belarus: Will Lukashenko survive the current state (of) crisis?

    Protest movement in Belarus: Will Lukashenko survive the current state (of) crisis?

    28/08/2020 Duração: 30min

    In this week’s episode, Jeremy Shapiro stepped in as host and welcomes senior policy fellows Kadri Liik and Andrew Wilson as well as political scientist and editor of “Belarus-Analysen” Olga Dryndova to the podcast. Together, they shed light on the situation on the ground in Belarus: what are the goals do of the opposition in Belarus and what kind, if any, of strategy does it have for achieving them? How does long-time president Lukashenko see the situation and what is the state’s strategy to try to remain in power? And finally, what roles should the EU and Russia play in a mediation process? Further reading: Why the EU now needs a deliberate Belarus policy, by Andrew Wilson: https://buff.ly/3gomwOl This podcast was recorded on 26 August 2020. Bookshelf: - “Berlin 1936: 16 days in August” by Oliver Hilmes - Follow Tadeusz Giczan for analyses on Belarus - “Lie Machines: How to save democracy from troll armies, deceitful robots, junk news operations, and political operatives” by Philip N. Howard - Col

  • If you stay ready, you don’t have to get ready: Rethinking global health security

    If you stay ready, you don’t have to get ready: Rethinking global health security

    21/08/2020 Duração: 27min

    “Defending the WHO is necessary but not sufficient to address the weaknesses that the corvid-19 crisis has revealed. Fundamentally, those weaknesses revolve around the interplay between, first, underfunded national and local health systems and second, international coordination which relies on goodwill and is too weak in a world of great power rivalry,” write Jonas Gahr Store, Leader of the Norwegian Labour Party and former Health and Foreign Minister as well as David Miliband, CEO of the International Rescue Committee and former UK Foreign Secretary in their recent op-ed. Mark Leonard invited the two author to his podcast talking about how the global health system could be reformed: what role should Europe play? And is it likely that the US position to global health changes with a potential Biden win? And can China also to play a positive role in global health security? Further reading: “Global Health Security Needs New Thinking” by David Miliband and Jonas Gahr: https://www.newsweek.com/new-world-health-me

  • Where theres a will, theres a way: France, Germany and EU coalition building

    Where there's a will, there's a way: France, Germany and EU coalition building

    14/08/2020 Duração: 27min

    In this week’s episode, Mark Leonard presents the new and third edition of ECFR´s Coalition explorer, which also included special questions regarding the impact of the COVID-19 crisis. Together with policy fellows Ulrike Franke and Pawel Zerka, he analyses the collected data in depth, answering the question of France’s and Germany´s role within the EU: How are the two countries perceived by their European partners? How can this power tandem influence EU policy-making? And what kind of new coalition patterns did emerge during the covid-19 crisis? EU Coalition Explorer: https://www.ecfr.eu/eucoalitionexplorer The big engine that might: How France and Germany can build a geopolitical Europe by Ulrike Franke and Jana Puglierin https://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/the_big_engine_that_might_how_france_and_germany_can_build_a_geopolitical_e The EU Coalition Explorer was developed within ECFR’s Rethink: Europe” project supported by Stiftung Mercator. This podcast was recorded on 31 July 2020. Bookshelf: •

  • The Biden effect and the future of US-Europe relations | Part II

    The Biden effect and the future of US-Europe relations | Part II

    07/08/2020 Duração: 35min

    After last week’s discussion with Matt Duss and Jeremy Shapiro, Mark Leonard follows up by gathering the European views on a possible Biden win and its effect on US foreign policy. Vessela Tcherneva, deputy director of ECFR and head of our Sofia office, Jana Puglierin, head of ECFRs Berlin office, Tara Varma, head of ECFRs Paris office and Jeremy Shapiro, ECFR´s research director and in-house US expert analyse what a potential Biden administration would mean for European sovereignty and EU foreign policies. How do expectations differ in France, Germany and Central and Eastern Europe? What would another Trump or Biden administration mean for European security? And could Biden also restore the public image of the US which has worsened during the coronavirus crisis significantly in Europe? This podcast was recorded on 29 July 2020. Bookshelf: -" Falken im Sturm“ by Constanze Stelzenmüller in Internationale Politik - "Counterpart“ -“Twilight of Democracy: The seductive lure of authoritarianism” by Anne Appl

  • The Biden effect and the future of US-Europe relations | Part I

    The Biden effect and the future of US-Europe relations | Part I

    31/07/2020 Duração: 27min

    The United States presidential election is approaching and there is no doubt that its result will have a significant and large-scale impact on global politics. Across the Atlantic, European analysts already started to discuss the possible outcomes and what they would mean for Europe and the transatlantic partnership. What changes would a Biden win bring? How could US foreign policy look like under him as President? How would it affect the US-Europe relations? In this week’s podcast, Mark Leonard is joined by Matt Duss, foreign policy advisor to the Bernie Sanders 2020 presidential campaign and Jeremy Shapiro, ECFR´s research director and in-house US expert to discuss what Biden will bring to the table. This podcast was recorded on 29 July 2020 Bookshelf: - “Blowback” by Brendan James and Noah Kulwin - “Miles: The Autobiography” by Miles Davis with Quincy Troupe - “Circe” by Madeline Miller - “Why We're Polarized” by Ezra Klein

  • The EU’s budget and recovery fund deal – a historic moment for Europe?

    The EU’s budget and recovery fund deal – a historic moment for Europe?

    24/07/2020 Duração: 27min

    The over 90-hour European Council summit in Brussels ended with a deal on a €1.82 trillion financial package. What does this deal mean for the future of Europe? Will the EU recovery fund, made up of €390 billion in grants and €360 billion in loans, be a historic change of our Europe and the eurozone, as Macron said? In this week’s podcast, Mark Leonard is joined by Guntram Wolff, Director of Bruegel, Piotr Buras, head of ECFR's Warsaw office and José Ignacio Torreblanca, head of ECFR's Madrid office to discuss the EU deal on the bloc's budget and economic recovery fund. This podcast was recorded on 22 July 2020 Bookshelf: The Balkans: Nationalism, War and the Great Powers 1804 – 1999 by Misha Glenny https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/books/311471/the-balkans-by-misha-glenny/ How to Lose a Country: The 7 Steps from Democracy to Dictatorship by Ece Temelkuran http://www.4thestate.co.uk/2018/11/cover-reveal-how-to-lose-a-country-by-ece-temelkuran/ AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Va

  • It’s complicated: Europe-China relations in a world of superpower competition

    It’s complicated: Europe-China relations in a world of superpower competition

    17/07/2020 Duração: 31min

    Can Europe compete in today’s new geopolitical realities? Does the Union find itself in a technology war with China? And are at least cooperative solutions with China on climate policies possible? In this week’s podcast, Mark Leonard is joined by Agatha Kratz, Associate Director at Rhodium Group and expert on EU-China relations, Janka Oertel head of ECFR´s Asia programme as well as ECFR co-chair Carl Bildt, former Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Sweden. Together, they answer these questions and discuss if and how Germany – as current EU Council Presidency holder – can find ways to recalibrate the EU’s handling and approach to China. A Europe Ready to Compete? EU-China relations and new geopolitical realities: https://youtu.be/DaoiVm9zHzE “Europe, China, and Hong Kong: Why new red lines will be worth the cost” by Janka Oertel https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_europe_china_and_hong_kong_why_new_red_lines_will_be_worth_the_c “Booster or Brake? COVID and the Belt and Road Initiative” by Agath

  • Solidarity and sovereignty: a “mission possible” for Germany’s EU Council Presidency?

    Solidarity and sovereignty: a “mission possible” for Germany’s EU Council Presidency?

    10/07/2020 Duração: 25min

    In his opening remarks at our virtual Annual Council Meeting, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, spoke about Germany’s Presidency of the Council of the EU and the high expectations which are placed on it. According to him, the next six months will be centred around two things: solidarity and sovereignty. In this week’s podcast, Mark Leonard is joined by our expert Jana Puglierin, head of the Berlin office to discuss the German EU Presidency in detail. What are the biggest challenges? Can Germany deliver on a greener, more social, and innovative recovery plan for the EU? Or are the expectations so high that they are set to fail? Watch the opening session of our Annual Council Meeting on Germany in Europe and the German EU Council Presidency here: https://youtu.be/r9FxIX6WapQ Remarks from Heiko Maas, Foreign Minister of Germany, at ECFR's virtual Annual Council Meeting 2020: https://www.ecfr.eu/article/remarks_from_heiko_maas_foreign_minister_of_germany_at_ecfr_annual_council This podcast was recorded on 3

  • Europe’s role in global health  how to build European health sovereignty

    Europe’s role in global health & how to build European health sovereignty

    03/07/2020 Duração: 25min

    “If it’s about Europe´s role in global health, a big part of it is Europe's health sovereignty which we want to make one of the big topics of the German EU Council Presidency”, Germany’s Federal Minister of Health Jens Spahn said in our Virtual Annual Council Meeting. The coronavirus pandemic brought the issue of health sovereignty affront: how can health security be achieved across Europe? In this week’s podcast Mark Leonard is joined by our experts Tara Varma, head of the Paris office, policy fellows Anthony Dworkin and Jonathan Hackenbroich, to discuss the components of European health sovereignty and how it can be attained. Further reading: Health sovereignty: How to build a resilient European response to pandemics by Jonathan Hackenbroich, Jeremy Shapiro and Tara Varma https://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/health_sovereignty_how_to_build_a_resilient_european_response_to_pandemics Watch the session from our Annual Council Meeting featuring Jens Spahn and Mark Suzman here: https://www.youtube.com/w

  • Europe’s pandemic politics: How the virus has changed the public’s worldview

    Europe’s pandemic politics: How the virus has changed the public’s worldview

    26/06/2020 Duração: 28min

    As covid-19 raged, speculation grew that the crisis would re- strengthen public support for the state; faith in experts; and both pro- and anti-Europeanism. But ECFR’s latest research reveals these all to be illusions. Instead, the crisis has revolutionised citizens’ perceptions of global order – scrambling the distinctions between nationalism and globalism. Host Mark Leonard is joined by Ivan Krastev, co-author of the new Unlock study and chair of the Centre for Liberal Strategies in Sofia as well as by ECFR co-chair Lykke Friis and Ismaël Emelien, co-founder of En Marche! and President Emmanuel Macron 's former special advisor for strategy, communication and speeches. Together they discuss the findings of ECFR’s Unlock project: how has the pandemic changed European politics and the Europeans’ view of the EU and the world? Find the paper by Ivan Krastev & Mark Leonard here: https://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/europes_pandemic_politics_how_the_virus_has_changed_the_publics_worldview This podcast was

  • Europe’s way out of the coronavirus crisis: from self-interest to solidarity?

    Europe’s way out of the coronavirus crisis: from self-interest to solidarity?

    19/06/2020 Duração: 24min

    The coronavirus crisis brought about financial hardship for the European Union, and many agree that a recovery fund would be needed to overcome it. In the beginning, countries like Italy and Spain, in particular, felt left alone in dealing with this health, social and economic crisis. And still, support for financial burden-sharing is low in the “frugal” countries which would be the net contributors to such a recovery fund. But does this mean, there a general lack of solidarity in Europe? Can solidarity go in line with member states’ self-interest? In this week’s podcast Mark Leonard is joined by ECFR’s heads of offices Jana Puglierin (Berlin), Arturo Varvelli (Rome) and José Ignacio Torreblanca (Madrid) to discuss how solidarity is perceived across Europe and what ECFR’s Solidarity Tracker can teach us about pan-European solidarity during the covid-19 crisis. Find the European Solidarity Tracker here: https://www.ecfr.eu/solidaritytracker This podcast was recorded on 17 June 2020. Bookshelf: · “Forget Ha

  • Fighting racism together: anti-racism protests in the US and Europe

    Fighting racism together: anti-racism protests in the US and Europe

    12/06/2020 Duração: 30min

    The ongoing anti-racism demonstrations in the United States spurred by the brutal killing of George Floyd spread across the Atlantic. In many European countries, people are getting behind the cause and protesting racism and police violence against BIPOC. How are the demonstrations in France and Germany connected to the ones in the US? Is Europe also starting to confront racial injustice on its own soil? And what does it mean for the transatlantic relationship? In this week’s podcast Mark Leonard is joined by the head of our Paris office Tara Varma, Member of the German Bundestag and Council member Omid Nouripour, as well as Spencer Boyer, director of the Washington office of the Brennan Center for Justice to discuss the recent anti-racism protests and their impact on the transatlantic relations. This podcast was recorded on 10 June 2020. Bookshelf: • "Between the World and Me" by Ta-Nehisi Coates • "Strategy: A History" by Sir Lawrence Freedman • "Time on Two Crosses: The Collected Writings of Bayard Rust

  • Russia’s Syria, Turkey’s Libya?

    Russia’s Syria, Turkey’s Libya?

    05/06/2020 Duração: 22min

    The attempt of a peace process in Libya is facing several substantial hindrances, where a variety of actors keep on inducing significant upheavals in its territory. Recently Turkey was observed to use Libya more and more as a playing field for its advancements - with some arguing that Turkey is becoming the new Russia on the geopolitical stage. In this week’s podcast Mark Leonard is joined by ECFR policy fellows Asli Aydıntaşbaş, and Tarek Megerisi as well as Nicu Popescu, Director of ECFR´s Wider Europe Program to discuss Turkey’s recent actions and aims in Libya. Is Turkey in Libya mirroring Russia in Syria? See also: “Deep sea rivals: Europe, Turkey, and new eastern Mediterranean conflict lines” by Asli Aydıntaşbaş, Julien Barnes-Dacey, Cinzia Bianco, Hugh Lovatt, Tarek Megerisi: https://www.ecfr.eu/specials/eastern_med This podcast was recorded on 4 June 2020. Bookshelf: - “Libya's Fragmentation: Structure and Process in Violent Conflict” by Wolfram Lacher -“The Great Influenza: Tthe Story of the D

  • The EU recovery plan – rather a “Merkron” than a “Hamiltonian” moment?

    The EU recovery plan – rather a “Merkron” than a “Hamiltonian” moment?

    29/05/2020 Duração: 33min

    The recent Franco-German proposal for an EU recovery fund sparked a lively debate on possible changes in EU’s nature, suggesting that the plan to raise €500bn through common EU debt and hand it out as grants, not loans, marks an important shift in EU policy. But is this really a “Hamiltonian” moment, as some labelled it? In this week’s podcast Mark Leonard welcomes Lykke Friis, ECFR co-chair and director of the Danish think tank EUROPA; ECFR Council Members Coen van Oostrom, Dutch-based founder and chief executive officer of EDGE Technologies and Jean Pisani-Ferry, Senior Fellow at Bruegel to discuss the ambitious Franco-German proposal and what it means for the future of Europe. This podcast was recorded on 26 May 2020. Bookshelf: · "Helmut Kohl: Eine politische Biographie" by Hans-Peter Schwarz · "The Ride of a Lifetime" by Robert Iger · "How to Fix Globalization—for Detroit, Not Davos" by Lawrence H. Summers in The American Interest

  • A triangle deal - How covid-19 is reshaping the global order and EU-China relations

    A triangle deal - How covid-19 is reshaping the global order and EU-China relations

    22/05/2020 Duração: 25min

    Last year, the European Union published a strategic outlook in which it reviewed China as a partner, competitor and a strategic rival, creating a lively debate about the nature of the EU-China relations. However, this outlook was designed for a pre-corona world. How has covid-19 reshaped the EU-China relations? What changes to the global order will the pandemic bring? Who will be the main actors in the international arena? In this week’s podcast Mark Leonard welcomed Lanxin Xiang, Professor in International History and Politics at the Graduate Institute in Geneva and Director of the Centre of One And One Road Studies, who shares his insights on the changing global order, China’s attitude towards the EU and the Chinese “wolf warrior diplomacy” This podcast was recorded on 20 May 2020. Bookshelf: · "John Maynard Keynes 1883-1946: Economist, Philosopher, Statesman" by Robert Skidelsky · "The meaning of systemic rivalry: Europe and China beyond the pandemi"c by Andrew Small https://www.ecfr.eu/publications/sum

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