Sinopse

Podcast by Florence School of Regulation

Episódios

  • Green Recovery For Europe | Leonardo Meeus, Georg Zachmann and Ditte Juul Jørgensen

    Green Recovery For Europe | Leonardo Meeus, Georg Zachmann and Ditte Juul Jørgensen

    21/10/2020 Duração: 29min

    In this special episode of Net Zero, Leonardo Meeus, Professor at Florence School of Regulation and Vlerick Business School, and Georg Zachmann, Senior Fellow at Bruegel, share their thoughts on how legislation and policy are enabling the energy transition in Europe. The Directorate-General for Energy, Ditte Juul Jørgensen, is also invited to discuss Europe’s green recovery strategy from the COVID-19 pandemic. Back in June 2019, the European Commission published the last energy package – the Clean Energy for all Europeans package – aimed at accelerating the energy transition and giving all Europeans access to secure, competitive and sustainable energy. After this new legislative package, in early 2020, Ursula Von der Leyen presented the European Green Deal, a policy manifesto aimed at making Europe climate neutral by 2050. In Georg Zachmann’s view there are three key building blocks to achieve this ambition – i) set a carbon pricing mechanism to all sectors; ii) ensure a just transition, compensating those wh

  • On The Move Ep3 - Sustainable Urban Mobility Indicators: cities’ allies towards cleaner mobility?

    On The Move Ep3 - Sustainable Urban Mobility Indicators: cities’ allies towards cleaner mobility?

    14/10/2020 Duração: 15min

    In this episode, Violeta Mihalache, Director of Urban Survey Timisoara, joins us for a discussion on the rationale behind- and challenges towards a common European framework for sustainable urban mobility indicators (SUMI). We discuss a number of topical issues on the urban mobility agenda: from sustainable urban mobility planning, to indicators and data gathering, funding and financing issues, and not the least, the interrelation between SUMI and the European Green Deal and Climate Law objectives.

  • On The Move Ep2 - Working towards sustainable aviation in support of the Green Deal post COVID-19

    On The Move Ep2 - Working towards sustainable aviation in support of the Green Deal post COVID-19

    22/07/2020 Duração: 21min

    In this episode, Marylin Bastin, Head of Aviation Sustainability at EUROCONTROL joins us for a discussion on the European Green Deal and its implications for the aviation sector. We discuss critical issues on the European aviation agenda, including barriers to route optimisation and how the implementation of the Single European Sky can support the reduction in aviation emissions. Furthermore, we touch upon the measures that airports can implement to mitigate both air- and noise-pollution stemming from airplanes and airport operations. Not least, we discuss the future of aviation in the post-Covid-19 period: Can climate-resilient growth be achieved? Could Covid-19 be transformed into an opportunity for a more sustainable and resilient European aviation?

  • Should The State Own Critical Infrastructure To Deliver The Energy Transition | Sonya Twohig

    Should The State Own Critical Infrastructure To Deliver The Energy Transition | Sonya Twohig

    26/05/2020 Duração: 14min

    In this episode, Sonya Twohig, Director of Operations at ENTSO-e, joins Net Zero host Joana Freitas to discuss if the ownership of grid operators influences the delivery of the energy transition. Recently, some questions have been raised on which entities should own the grids. For example, in the UK, the Labour party announced a plan to take National Grid into public ownership (if it were elected Government). On the other hand, the Dutch Finance Minister has said he plans to privatize or sell off a stake in TenneT, as the company needs more equity to invest in grid upgrades. In Sony Twohig’s view, grid operators can work in a very positive way regardless their shareholder structure, as, in the end of the day, “what is really important is that the operation and the management of that grid is controlled and regulated by the regulatory authority that supports that grid”. Another issue that has been recently under discussion is the entry of relatively two new categories of shareholders: Pension Funds and State c

  • On The Move Ep1 - Mobility-As-A-Service: An Enabler For A More Resilient And Agile Transport System?

    On The Move Ep1 - Mobility-As-A-Service: An Enabler For A More Resilient And Agile Transport System?

    15/05/2020 Duração: 35min

    In this episode, Piia Karjalainen, Secretary General of the Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS) Alliance joins us for a discussion on the role of MaaS in supporting the advancement of the European Green Deal agenda. We discuss issues critical to enabling the development of MaaS, including data sharing, multimodal ticketing and payment systems, as well as the role of the insurance sector in adapting to the needs of multimodality, while also serving the needs of the service providers. Not least, we discuss the implications of the Covid-19 pandemic and the social distancing regulations implemented to curb its spread. Is the pandemic a threat or can it be turned into an opportunity for MaaS?

  • State Aid to Hinkley Point: An Update | Leigh Hancher

    State Aid to Hinkley Point: An Update | Leigh Hancher

    15/05/2020 Duração: 13min

    In this podcast, Leigh Hancher discusses the recent non-binding opinion (http://curia.europa.eu/juris/documents.jsf?num=C-594/18%20) of Gerard Hogan, Advocate General of the European Court of Justice, with regard to a decision on state aid to the nuclear power plant Hinkley Point C in the UK. In Hogan’s opinion, EU judges should dismiss an appeal by Austria aimed at overturning the approval of UK state aid to support the construction of the nuclear plant. Hogan stated, “it is clear that the development of nuclear power is, as reflected in the Euratom Treaty, a clearly defined objective of EU law”. In 2014, after several agreed changes to the plans, the European Commission approved the UK’s plans to give state aid to support the construction of two EPR reactor units at Hinkley Point C, deeming it compatible with EU state aid guidelines and thus the internal market. At the time, it was considered by the Commission that the aid was justified as there was a “lack of market-based financial instruments and other co

  • The Future of Carbon Pricing in the Energy Transition | Auke Lont

    The Future of Carbon Pricing in the Energy Transition | Auke Lont

    07/05/2020 Duração: 33min

    In this episode, Auke Lont, CEO of Statnett, talks to Joana Freitas, Ambassador for the Lights on Women initiative of the Florence School of Regulation, about the key challenges around carbon pricing. The European Union currently has a mixed system to price emissions – 41% of greenhouse gas emissions fall under the Emissions Trading System (ETS), 7% are covered by carbon taxes and 4% fall under both instruments. Auke Lont considers that the EU ETS system “functions pretty well” and points out two improvements going forward – introducing a floor price and getting rid of free allowances. On top of that, Auke Lont also recognises the importance of specific measures outside the ETS scheme, particularly to accelerate innovation in getting CO2 out of the system. One of the key issues when pricing carbon is whether prices in different countries should be allowed to vary – a single price approach might have significant impacts on specific regions. The other issue is how to address emissions from different sectors of

  • The Geopolitics Of Renewables | Andris Pielbags

    The Geopolitics Of Renewables | Andris Pielbags

    23/04/2020 Duração: 19min

    In this episode, Net Zero host Joana Freitas invites Andris Piebalgs, Professor at Florence School of Regulation and former EU Commissioner for Energy, to discuss how renewable energy is changing global geopolitics. While over the last 200 years, control of oil, natural gas and coal, as well as of bottlenecks in global sea routes (like the Strait of Hormuz) have shaped the world geopolitics, renewables are now expected to challenge this landscape. Andris Piebalgs sees an opportunity for those nations that have been investing in new technologies related to renewables, like China, to reinforce their global influence in the energy area. On the other hand, Russia and Saudi Arabia are pointed out as the countries where the energy transformation might be more difficult as “it will be very difficult domestically to change the pricing for fossil fuels”. In the specific case of Middle East countries, there are already some investments in renewables but mostly in the Emirates. In Andris Piebalgs’s perspective a change

  • Planet Tech- What can start ups bring to the monolithic world of utilities | Elena Bou on Net Zero

    Planet Tech- What can start ups bring to the monolithic world of utilities | Elena Bou on Net Zero

    08/04/2020 Duração: 22min

    In this episode, Elena Bou, Board Member and Innovation Director at Innoenergy, joins host Joana Freitas to discuss how startups are challenging the traditional world of utilities. The energy sector is going through a period of unprecedented opportunities for innovation and growth in lots of different areas, opening doors for start-ups and entrepreneurs. Elena Bou points out that, over the last years, batteries have become one of the most intense areas of activity for these newcomers. At the same time, start-ups have also been working on a wide range of topics, such as alternative ways of mobility and control of heat and cold using low-carbon solutions, which will directly impact citizens. However, as it was noted by Professor Henry Chesbrough, the father of the open innovation concept, “the future of the energy will require ecosystems of collaboration between start-ups and big energy corporates”. While in some cases, start-ups are helping utilities and energy companies to accelerate innovation and to solve

  • The Baltic Cable Case

    The Baltic Cable Case

    07/04/2020 Duração: 31min

    In this podcast, Professor Leigh Hancher discusses the Baltic Cable case, a case centred on a power line which interconnects the electric power grids of Germany and Sweden, and weighs the implications of this case for cross-border interconnectors in the EU as well as its wider significance for EU energy law.

  • COVID - 19 Temporary State Aid Framework

    COVID - 19 Temporary State Aid Framework

    30/03/2020 Duração: 26min

    In this podcast, Clemens Ziegler (Ziegler State Aid AntiTrust SRL) discusses the EU Commission’s emergency state aid rules, which were announced on 19 March 2020 in response to the COVID-19 crisis. What do these temporary rules allow? And what may be the implications of relaxing some of the EU state aid controls, especially for the energy sector?

  • Are Utilities Up To The Challenge? Antonio Mexia on Net Zero

    Are Utilities Up To The Challenge? Antonio Mexia on Net Zero

    26/03/2020 Duração: 18min

    In this episode, António Mexia, CEO of EDP Group, joins us to discuss the challenges that utilities are facing in adapting their organization, skills and culture to the energy transition environment. António Mexia starts by noting that we are living in the middle of a revolution: digitalisation is totally transforming most sectors, including the energy sector, which was for decades a very traditional one. An open innovation approach is crucial in facing this new context, as “most opportunities will probably come from outside our walls, from outside the company”. In the specific case of EDP, of which António Mexia is CEO since 2006, the growth of the renewables business segment was one of drivers of the company’s cultural change – “People understood that everything would be different”. The need for a cultural change is now an issue for all the players along the value chain. Regarding grid operators, they have been mainly focused on the security of supply, but now they are also being challenged to change very

  • Capture Rapture | Mechthild Worsdorfer on Net Zero

    Capture Rapture | Mechthild Worsdorfer on Net Zero

    25/03/2020 Duração: 22min

    What role will Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage (CCUS) technologies play in the energy transition context? In this episode, Mechthild Wörsdörfer, Director for Sustainability, Technology and Outlooks at International Energy Agency (IEA), shares her views on the opportunities and challenges arising from CCUS technologies with Net Zero host Joana Freitas. According to IEA, industry currently accounts for almost 25% of CO2 emissions and 40% of global energy demand. Continued economic growth and urbanization, particularly in developing countries, is expected to drive up the demand for cement, steel and chemicals. In Wörsdörfer’s perspective CCUS is “the only known technology to be able to put these sectors on a pathway to this net zero emissions”. She also sees a role for CCUS in the power generation segment, especially in Asian countries, like China and India, where most of coal power plants are still very young and able to operate for decades: “One of the options here is to retrofit them and put also CC

  • The making of a just energy transition: Commissioner Kadri Simson on Net Zero (Part II)

    The making of a just energy transition: Commissioner Kadri Simson on Net Zero (Part II)

    12/03/2020 Duração: 13min

    In this episode, EU Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson discusses the energy taxation policy in EU and the challenges behind a just transition with Joana Freitas, Ambassador for the FSR Lights on Women initiative. To achieve the level of ambition that is proposed in the Green Deal, the EU needs to set an effective carbon pricing policy. However, as Commissioner Simson notes, in some European countries, there are still some inconsistencies in the energy taxation system – there are cases in which taxation is more favorable to fossil fuels than to renewables. One of the most disruptive measures proposed in the EU Green Deal is the creation of a Carbon Border Tax. As some segments of the population and some regions are particularly affected by this green transition, political initiatives, as the Just Transition Mechanism, play an important role in funding the transition and bringing the entire society on-board. Despite different starting points, the Just Transition Mechanism will be available to support all the

  • How will policy  innovation drive the EU Green Deal? Commissioner Kadri Simson on Net Zero(Part I)

    How will policy & innovation drive the EU Green Deal? Commissioner Kadri Simson on Net Zero(Part I)

    05/03/2020 Duração: 13min

    In this episode, Kadri Simson, the Energy European Commissioner, discusses the EU's energy policy vision for the EU Green Deal with Joana Freitas, Ambassador for the FSR Lights on Women initiative. As 75% of EU’s greenhouse gas emissions come from using or producing energy, energy policy will play a major role in delivering the climate targets. Member States have been working on their National Energy and Climate Plans to set the targets and the action plan for the next decade. As they have very different starting points, the European Commission will provide assistance and financial support to those that are still reliant on fossil fuels. In Part I of the Net Zero Special Edition with Commissioner Simson she discusses key pillars of the European Green Deal: ensuring no one is left behind, innovation as a driving force, and the importance of R&D for energy storage solutions. Commisioner Simson also touches on the role hydrogen will play, stating “in the upcoming years, definitively the most innovative and e

  • Community energy: an organisation concept rather than a set of activities | Josh Roberts (REScoop)

    Community energy: an organisation concept rather than a set of activities | Josh Roberts (REScoop)

    03/03/2020 Duração: 07min

    Community energy is one of the current buzzwords in the public discourse over the electricity sector and the energy transition. Within a community, citizens can adopt new models for the production and consumption of energy. Among them, there are peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading and collective self-consumption. In this podcast, Nicolò Rossetto (FSR) and Josh Roberts (REScoop) discuss the concept of community energy and its relation with new energy models like P2P trading and prosumption. According to Mr Roberts, community energy should not be defined by a set of activities or functions, but it is rather an organisational concept that refers to a certain type of governance. In an energy community, citizens or users must have the control and possibly the ownership of the assets used by the community itself. Third parties may be involved, but they cannot have the lead. If someone accepts this definition, then it is clear that P2P trading and collective self-consumption can be of different types and do not repre

  • A global observatory on new energy models | Alexandra Schneiders (University College London)

    A global observatory on new energy models | Alexandra Schneiders (University College London)

    03/03/2020 Duração: 07min

    End users have traditionally played a limited and rather passive role in the provision of electricity. However, the decentralisation and digitalisation of the energy sector today are changing the way electricity is produced, exchanged and consumed. New energy models, for instance peer-to-peer (P2P) trading, community self-consumption, and transactive energy, are emerging. In this podcast, Nicolò Rossetto (FSR) and Alexandra Schneiders (UCL) present the new Global Observatory on P2P, community self-consumption and transactive energy models. Established in September 2019, the Observatory is part of the Users-centred Energy Systems Technology Collaboration Programme (Users TCP) of the International Energy Agency (IEA). Eight countries are members of this Observatory, whose primary goal is to create a platform where all the stakeholders involved in the roll-out of these new energy models can exchange information and build new knowledge. The outcomes of the Observatory are then expected to support the policy-maki

  • The future of prosumers: beyond individual self-consumption? | Donal Brown (University of Leeds)

    The future of prosumers: beyond individual self-consumption? | Donal Brown (University of Leeds)

    02/03/2020 Duração: 07min

    An explosion in medium and small electricity prosumers has been observed in the past decade across the EU, mainly driven by generous support measures and PV cost reduction. This era is now coming to an end with the phase-out of net metering schemes and feed-in tariffs. Therefore, new business models ensuring economic sustainability are essential. In this podcast, Nicolò Rossetto (FSR) and Donal Brown (University of Leeds) discuss how electricity prosumers can extract more value from their distributed generation assets. According to Dr Brown, prosumers might do at least three things: 1) increase their self-consumption rate behind the meter (e.g., via a micro-grid) or in front of it when allowed by regulation (e.g., Mieterstrom in Germany); 2) trade energy locally via peer-to-peer platforms or blockchain; 3) aggregate their loads and generation profiles to sell flexibility and other ancillary services. The development of digital technologies is making all these options potentially available, but regulation is n

  • The OPAL Case And The Solidarity Principle

    The OPAL Case And The Solidarity Principle

    27/02/2020 Duração: 23min

    In this podcast, Professor Kim Talus from Tulane University discusses the latest controversies surrounding the OPAL gas pipeline, which links the Nordstream gas pipeline to Eastern Europe, and the implications of the recent judgment from the European Court of Justice for the interpretation and application of EU energy law. On 10 Sept 2019, the General Court of the ECJ annulled an earlier Commission decision to modify the exemption of the OPAL pipeline, by drawing on the principle of energy solidarity introduced by the Lisbon Treaty, as laid down in Article 194 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU. In this podcast, Professor Talus gives a brief overview of the case, discusses the salient features of the judgment, particularly the meaning of the principle of solidarity, and reflects on the consequences of such an interpretation.

  • The Role Of The Energy Solidarity Principle And FDI Screening In EU Energy Law  Policy

    The Role Of The Energy Solidarity Principle And FDI Screening In EU Energy Law & Policy

    26/02/2020 Duração: 17min

    In this podcast, Dr Leonie Reins from Tilburg University discusses the role of the energy solidarity principle (as outlined in Article 194 TFEU) and the foreign direct investment (FDI) screening regulation in the development of a more integrated EU regulatory framework and a fully-fledged Energy Union. In particular, she examines how the General Court’s recent interpretation of the energy solidarity principle as seen in the OPAL case and the FDI screening will impact the energy sector.

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